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Athenian democracy vs modern democracy pdf

Ranking at the fore front is that, Ancient democracy was direct and modern democracy is representative democracy. Specializing in Athenian democracy as a case study, Athenian democracy was direct were by citizens gathered usually on an outdoor hillside to argue, debate and ask questions before they all voted on any issue sical Athenian Democracy, a publication of , a publication of e Stoa: a consortium for electronic publication in the humanities [www.stoa.org]. e electronic version of this, and all other Dēmos articles, off er contextual information intended to make the study of Athenian democracy more accessible to a wide audience Home | Scholars at Harvar

(Pdf) Compare and Contrast Ancient and Modern Democracy

and Wood correspond correctly to the realities of the Athenian democracy or the Amer-ican Revolution. Rather, the aspiration is to investigate what Arendt and Wood took these realities to be, and howtheir analyses can be used in a critique ofthe limitsof the formsof equality that underpins modern democracy. Thus, borrowing a reflection of. part v athenian democracy and the gods 323 16 C ompetitive festivals and the polis: a context for dramatic festivals at Athens 325 17 The erection and mutilation of the hermai 341 18 The e cstasy and the tragedy: varieties of religious experience in art, drama and society 368 Coda: From ritual to politics, and back again 405. Introduction to Athenian Democracy of the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BCE John A. Rothchild∗ Abstract: This essay serves to introduce students to the institutions of the democratic constitution of ancient Athens, during its flowering in the fifth and fourth centuries BCE Athens was the birthplace of many fundamental aspects of Western civilization, including ethical philosophy and the theater. The Parthenon and its iconic temple to the goddess Athena are the cornerstones of Western architecture. But it is in the political realm that modern civilization owes much to Athens, for it was here that democracy was born Athenian Democracy -vs- Modern Democracy. Topics: Law, Democracy, Classical Athens Pages: 2 (366 words) Published: December 13, 2012. The Athenian democracy in the Golden Age functioned somewhat like ours does today. Athenian countryside was divided into areas called demes

Periclean Athens and Modern Democracy. In the decade before 500 B.C., the Athenians established the world's first democratic constitution. This new kind of government was carried to its. in a democracy are uninvolved in the content of written and verbal speech. Protests serve as a testing ground for any democracy - thus the right to peaceful assembly is essential and plays an integral part in facilitating the use of free speech. A civil society allows for spirited debate among those in disagreement over the issues. In the modern

Democracy Ancient and Modern the political marginalization of women, and the denial of citizen rights to foreigners, regarding Athens as a democracy is a dangerous mistake. Yet a third way in which Athenian democracy is represented is as an ideal which, however fully realized 2500 years ago, is irrelevant to our own society of infinitely. Summary This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Democratic Values Democratic Institutions The Practices of Democracy Ancient and Modern Democratic Practice and Institutions Compared Wha..

2 DEMOCRATIC FREEDOM Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 50 (2010) 1-27 1. The oldest and throughout antiquity most common mean-ing of eleutheros is being free as opposed to being a slave (doulos).It is the only meaning attested in the Homeric poems,4 and if a Greek in antiquity was asked what eleutheria was, the presumption is that first of all he would think of the oppositio CLASSICS HANDBOOK ENTRY Ancient Greek Democracy Aims and Objectives To explore the meanings of 'Democracy' both Ancient (mainly Greek) and Modern (incl. current) To enhance understanding of the special circumstances required to make possible both the emergence and the continuation of People Power at Athens To compare and contrast the democracy (democracies) that were created in Athens with. Herodotus, Politics and Athenian Democracy Brad Martin, Xavier University* As is widely accepted by scholars, much of the Western philosophies have roots in ancient Greece. Among the most influential ancient Greek figures is the Father of History, Herodotus of Halicarnassus, who chronicled the history of the Persian Wars Athens and Sparta were probably the two most famous and powerful city-states in Ancient Greece. However, they were both very different. Athens's government ruled as a democracy. They were the first to ever do this. A democracy means 'rule of the people'. In Athenian democracy, people voted for the laws that they wanted Athenian Democracy vs. New Zealand democracy . Structure . Ancient Athens. Modern New Zealand. Ekklesia: The ekklesia was the decision making assembly of Athens. The people could represent themselves in the ekklesia. Parliament: Parliament is the decision making body in New Zealand. It is made up of people electe

Portland State University PDXScholar University Honors Theses University Honors College 5-24-2013 Classical Political Philosophy and Modern Democracy Athenian Democracy . Democracy is from the Greek: demos means more or less the people, cracy derives from kratos which means strength or rule, so democracy = rule by the people.In the 5th century BCE, the Athenian democracy was made up of a set of assemblies and courts staffed by people with very short terms (some as short s a day)—over one-third of all citizens over the age of 18 served. What Modern Democracies Didn't Copy From Ancient Greece. Ancient Greece was a model for the U.S. government, but the founders left a few things out. What Athens was in miniature, America will. Key differences between the Roman republic and Athenian democracy Athenian • Direct democracy, the citizens voted on legislation and bills themselves. • Citizenship required each citizen to be engaged and the private and public lives of a citizen were interlinked.· • Valued justice- not justice in the modern sense of the word, but justice related to behaving in a manner which worked.

Ancient and Modern Democracy is a comprehensive account of Athenian democracy as a subject of criticism, admiration and scholarly debate for 2,500 years, covering the features of Athenian democracy, its importance for the English, American and French revolutions and for the debates on democracy and political liberty from the nineteenth century. Give 2 strengths and 2 weaknesses for both models of democracy. -The Athenian democracy as a system of government was the most modern system back then. -The assembly was the place where the people discussed the political issues and make the most important decisions. -The government in Athens was extremely sophisticated Revisit the march through Athenian history with a look at one of the city's less admirable periods. Beginning with the outbreak of a terrible plague around 431 BC and continuing through the civil war on Corcyra (modern Corfu), the doom and gloom of this period were caused less by the nature of democracy and rather more by plain old human nature, as the historian Thucydides observed

Athenian democracy in a nutshell.Trace the birth of democracy from the end of Athenian monarchy to Cleisthenes The Athenian Democracy was made up of 3 important institutions. The first important institution is called the Ekklesia which means assembly and this institution was basically a meeting area to make decisions about war and foreign policy. The second important institution is called the Boule which means council of 500 and this institution was a council of 500 men who made decisions of what. Key words, democracy, politics, dissent, mass media, democratization process. The Concept of Democracy It is difficult to reach a consensus on the definition of democracy. However, the main idea of democracy is widely accepted to have originated from Athens in the 5 th century BC Athens was not the only democracy in the ancient world.21 Still, from the beginning the Athenian principle of isegoria was seen as some - thing special. The historian Herodotus even described the form of government at Athens itself not as demokratia, but isegoria.22 According to the fourth-century orator and patriot Demosthenes, the Athenian Ancient Greece democracy v modern day. I created this from various resources available including one on TES (originator pantobabe from 2013) that was a bit wordy. Thought I'd share it as it ended up a couple of hours work and would like to save someone else the time! I used in my Year 5 class today and they were very excited about writing.

Democracy and the multiparty political system - TOM CRUMPACKER years. Historical Idea of Democracy Unfortunately, one of the things we lack in this mass community of 280 million people we're trying to create is a common language for our political discourse. Those who speak t The classical democracy was direct democracy and Athens was the abode of such a democracy. There were, besides Athens, other Greek city states but among all the city states Athens was most prominent and powerful. Direct democracy in Athens developed in between 800-500 BCE (Before Christ Era) Why Socrates Hated Democracy. We are used to thinking very highly of democracy - and by extension, of Ancient Athens, the civilisation that gave rise to it. The Parthenon has become almost a byword for democratic values, which is why so many leaders of democracies like to be photographed among its ruins

Ancient equality against modern democracy: resources of

  1. Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy - representative, participatory and deliberative Democracy: Democracy is the heated topic of debate since long time in political science as well as political philosophy, and a generally accepted view of democracy is yet to be obtained, though it exists in virtually all types of states and in almost every region of.
  2. Pupils act out Athenian Democracy, according to a teacher's script (resource 2). This should help them to understand how democracy worked in Athens. This is an image of the pnyx, on which speakers would stand to address Athenian citizens, and this is an image of the acropolis, the civic centre of ancient Athens. This is a good video about th
  3. Athenian Democracy (Farney) Pp. 2 Herodotus = Herodotus: The Histories. Ed. by J. Marincola. Penguin. [in this edition, Marincola has provided an excellent table of the structural outline of Herodotus' work, and useful chronologies to keep events an
  4. Increasing levels of discontent with the current operations and iterations of democracy have spurred a renewed interest in ancient versions of democracy, especially in its Athenian form (Atack 2017, 576). 1 What is more, the increased attention given to the Athenian democracy of the Classical Period is not emerging from classicists; indeed.
  5. Ancient Athenian democracy differs from the democracy that we are familiar with in the present day. Athens is a city-state, while today we are familiar with the primary unit of governance.
  6. ent and well documented of the Greek city-states. Athens remains the model case study ( Creager et al. 2007 ), but it is important to keep in
  7. Athenian Democracy The idea of democracy in ancient Athens was associated with public spirited citizens (polites), rather than individuals pursuing their own private liberty (idiotes). Public deliberation would create in citizens a habit of thinking about the public good, rather than about their own personal gain

Athenian Democracy -vs- Modern Democracy Essay - 366 Word

Periclean Athens and Modern Democracy American

  1. ATHENIAN DEMOCRACY VS CANADIAN DEMOCRACY HOW ARE THEY ALIKE-they both have jury's in court cases-had some form of democracy -had different levels of government(the council of 500, the assembly, the court, federal, provincial, municipal) HOW ARE THEY DIFFERENT . ATHEN
  2. Direct democracy. A direct democracy or pure democracy is a type of democracy where the people govern directly. It requires wide participation of citizens in politics. Athenian democracy or classical democracy refers to a direct democracy developed in ancient times in the Greek city-state of Athens. A popular democracy is a type of direct democracy based on referendums and other devices of.
  3. Greek democracy and modern democracy. The architects of the first democracies of the modern era, post-revolutionary France and the United States, claimed a line of descent from classical Greek.
Classical Greece Q&A Study Guide | Ancient Greece

Democracy Ancient and Modern - JSTO

Criticism of democracy is grounded in democracy's purpose, process and outcomes.. Since Classical antiquity and through the modern era, democracy has been associated with rule of the people, rule of the majority, and free selection or election, either through direct participation or elected representation, respectively.. Political thinkers have approached critiques of democratic political. Whereas much historically sensitive work sought to question the oppositions (e.g., philosopher vs. polis, ancient vs. modern democracy; antipolitical vs. embedded Plato) they inherited from the postwar period, explicitly contemporary political theory has been slow to incorporate the implications of these challenges into their readings of Greek.

Democracy Ancient and Modern - A Companion to Greek and

  1. ation. Weaknesses include the voters' ability to make poor decisions and be swayed by rhetoric and short office terms that made implementing.
  2. Democracy is a system of government in which power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or through freely elected representatives. The term is derived from the Greek 'demokratia,' which was coined in the 5th century BCE to denote the political systems of some Greek city-states, notably Athens
  3. Key Democratic Principles The word 'democracy' has its origins in the Greek language. It combines two shorter words: 'demos' meaning whole citizen living within a particular city-state and 'kratos' meaning power or rule. It is generally agreed that liberal democracies are based on four main principles: A belief in th

Ancient Democracy vs American Democracy - Democracy in

Democracy vs. Polity For Aristotle, democracies [as he defined them] were very polarized societies, containing rich and poor and not much in between. For democracy, equality is above all things their aim, and therefore they ostracize and banish from the city for a time those who seem to predominate too much through their wealth, or the. Athenian democracy. Below is my explanation in modern terms. 2.2 America and democracy. America was built as a republic, specifically excluding democracy! Print this page or create a PDF. To entrench democracy, Democrats will probably have to undo that theft. A brief Conclusion examines competing reasons to be pessimistic or optimistic regarding prospects for stemming the degradation of American democracy and reflects on the deeply contingent nature of this story's outcome In ancient Athens, citizens would gather together on a dusty hill called the Pnyx. Here they would decide the city's laws and who should sit on its ruling council. This was 'democracy' or. A majority-vote democracy, even with a theoretically perfectimplementation, is a failed functional model for a complex modern society. 3. The goal of freedom, however, can't be sought through.

Modern democracy in many ways is the opposite of ancient democracy. Modern democracy requires that there must be a constitution, that there must be equality before the law, there must be individual rights and liberties, there must be civil rights. Start studying Athenian vs American Democracy. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Key Difference - Feudalism vs Democracy Feudalism and Democracy are two different forms of governance. The key difference between these two forms of governance is that, feudalism is a way of structuring the society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour while the democracy is a way of government system where general public of a nation gets the. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica. Athenian democracy is the first known democracy in the world. Other Greek cities set up democracies, most following the Athenian model, but none are as well documented as Athens

democracy has long been of central interest to political theorists. In Silence and Democracy, John Zumbrunnen explores this theme in Thucydides&' famous history of the Peloponnesian War as a way of focusing our thoughts about this relationship in our own modern democracy. In Periclean Athens, Silence And Democracy Athenian Politics In. Athenian Democracy SAC. Ancient Athens is often called the birthplace of democracy. With three branches of government and elected officials, it bore significant similarities to modern democracies. However, only twelve percent of Athens's populace was allowed to vote, and civic involvement was much more participatory Absolutism and democracy are two distinct and frequently opposed political systems. However, both democracy and absolutism can take a variety of different forms. Depending on the type of absolutism and democracy in question, the two systems can be opposed to one another or can potentially parallel and even overlap 8. $3.00. PDF. Democracy and Law in Ancient Greece is a worksheet that traces the development of popular sovereignty in Athens. An introduction to the Polis, and rule of law, the laws of Draco, the reforms of Solon, the reforms of Cleisthenes, and Pericles are included. Photos of Greek lawgivers and a map of Ancient Greek Government vs. Modern American Government. Ancient Greek government and modern American government are two very different ways of running a nation. Five main forms of government existed in ancient Greece (monarchy, chiefdom, and tyranny in one category, and oligarchy and democracy in the second) versus the one type of government.

Free Essay: Athenian vs

  1. From. Democracy is a form of government in which a substantial proportion of the citizenry directly or indirectly participates in ruling the state. It is thus distinct from governments controlled by a particular social class or group or by a single person. In a direct democracy citizens vote on laws in an assembly, as they did in ancient Greek.
  2. Democracy (Greek: δημοκρατία dēmokratía, literally rule by people), in modern usage, has three senses - all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting. In a direct democracy, the citizens as a whole form a governing body, and vote directly on each issue, e.g. on the passage of a particular tax law
  3. Democracy - Democracy - The theory of democracy: In a funeral oration in 430 bce for those who had fallen in the Peloponnesian War, the Athenian leader Pericles described democratic Athens as the school of Hellas. Among the city's many exemplary qualities, he declared, was its constitution, which favors the many instead of the few; this is why it is called a democracy
  4. american democracy vs athenian democracy ( Venn Diagram) Use Creately's easy online diagram editor to edit this diagram, collaborate with others and export results to multiple image formats. We were unable to load the diagram. You can edit this template and create your own diagram. Creately diagrams can be exported and added to Word, PPT.

Compare and contrast Athenian democracy and modern

For the Athenians, democracy (demokratia, δημοκρατία) gave Rule (kratos, κράτος) to the Demos (Δῆμος). Demos (pronounced day-moss) has several meanings, all of them important for Athenian democracy. Demos is the Greek word for village or, as it is often translated, deme.. The deme was the smallest. 8.5.2 Free banking with commodity-based currencies: The Athenian vs. the Scottish model. 8.5.3 Free banking with digital currencies. 8.6 Concluding assessments. 8.7 Appendix: On the inversion of Gresham's law in classical Athens . Chapter 9: Why back and how to direct democracy . 9.1 Core weaknesses of contemporary democracy

Democratic Freedom and the Concept of Freedom in Plato and

Democracy and the Enlightenment. You have probably learned that the Ancient Greeks were one of the first civilizations to implement democracy. This is certainly true, but modern democracy is also. The Relation between Democracy and Human Rights. The complex relationship between democracy and human rights shows the need for education in democracy which overcomes the reductionist understanding of democracy to recognize only the will of the majority, the need for human rights education. Human rights education is the essential fundament of. American Democracy. American democracy is precious. When the U.S. Constitution was ratified in 1879, America became the first modern democracy in the world. Its Constitution served as a model for many countries that have since established democracies. But time has moved on and America's democracy no longer ranks as a world model Yet, the Athenian system functioned very differently from the democracies of modern times. To begin with, it was an example of direct democracy, rather than our current representative democratic system. In a direct democracy, issues are decided not by elected legislators, but are subject to direct vote by all eligible adult citizens. The. Women were rarely seen outside the home and had no rights in the Athenian democracy. Social Structure of Sparta: move on to a discussion of the differences between a modern U.S. state and an.

(DOC) Democracy Ancient and Modern Helen Roche

Representative vs Direct Democracy. The Ekklesia and the U.S. legislative branch are similar in function, but there is a pretty big difference in the people who made up the ancient legislative body and the modern one. During the 40 annual meetings of the Ekklesia, any of the roughly 40,000 male citizens of Athens was allowed to appear and. The Dikasteria. The End of Athenian Democracy. In the year 507 B.C., the Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or rule by the people. The United States, like most modern nations, is neither a pure republic nor a pure democracy. Instead, it is a hybrid democratic republic. The main difference between a democracy and a republic is the extent to which the people control the process of making laws under each form of government Still, the Greek philosophers were ambivalent about the emphasis on a purely negative freedom in Greek democracy, fearing that without a moral foundation it could easily degenerate into license. This perspective is strongest in Plato, who views democracy as the penultimate stage in the decay of the polis, and disparages democratic humanity Indeed, modern debates over the meaning of Aristotle find him a precursor of or inspiration for a range of intellectual and political positions: Aristotle as a communitarian (MacIntyre 1984) vs. Aristotle as an exponent of class conflict (Yack 1993); Aristotle as a democrat, or at least as providing the basis for democracy (Frank 2005), vs.

In what specific ways did it differ from moderm US democracy? Oct 17: Democracy & Empire Reading: Thuc I.89-117; Athenian Navy; Aristotle, Athenian Constitution 23-24 (pdf); Second Athenian League Inscription (pdf); Triremes What historical connections were there between Athenian Democracy and its empire?Why might the trireme be a symbol fo more minimalist conceptions of democracy, while liberal democracy refers to those minimalist elements plus elements found in more expansive definitions. 10 As well, while democracy is 3 The term democracy derives from the Greek words demos , the people, and craits , to rule The word democracy comes from the Ancient Greek dēmos, meaning the people, and -kratia, meaning power/rule. Draco's death is also of special interest. Athenian citizens could not hide their appreciation for the famous lawmaker, despite the excessively harsh nature of his laws Although this Athenian democracy would survive for only two centuries, Cleisthenes' invention was one of ancient Greece's most enduring contributions to the modern world. Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today Athens & Sparta: Democracy vs. Dictatorship. The Greek civilization was the most important period which shaped the root of modern civilization. The most admired historical city-states (polis) to have ever existed was Athens and Sparta and that are always taken an example of their completely different governing systems

What was Democracy like over 2400 years ago in ancient Athens? Direct Democracy: A form of direct democracy in ancient Greece was practiced in ancient city-state of Athens for about 100 years. It was an experiment. The people really liked it. How it worked is that all adult citizens had to take an active part in government (rule by many) if called on to do so Democracy started in Athens around 600-500 BC and had two important characteristics. Firstly, it was comprised of citizens who were male, over 20 years old, and from parents who were both born in Athens. Each citizen was eligible to speak and vote in the assembly which set the laws and made decisions as to war and peace An Athenian leader speaks to the assembly. Are there other types of democracy? Yes. A perfect example of another type of democracy is today in the United States. Here, government works through a representative democracy. In a representative democracy, citizens vote for an individual they think will make the best decisions Dramatic storytelling and state-of-the-art computer animation re-create Classical Greece of the 4th and 5th centuries BC, founder of modern science, politics, warfare, philosophy, and source of breathtaking art and architecture. This dazzling production charts the rise, triumph, and eventual decline of the world's first democracy Ancient Greeks would not recognise our 'democracy' - they'd see an 'oligarchy'. June 3, 2016 6.19am EDT. Pericles had some rather advanced ideas about politics. PabloEscudero, CC BY-SA.

Athens and Democracy. Athens is the capital and largest city in modern Greece, but Athens also has a long history that dates back 7000 years. Modern ideas about democracy first developed in ancient Athens. Unlike Sparta, it was difficult for the rulers of ancient Athens to have complete control over their citizens The Greek origins of the word highlight the fact that ancient Greece, specifically Athens, bequeathed democracy to the world. However, when modern people shout for democracy, what they are really demanding is direct democracy within a parliamentary framework. Such a system owes more to the British tradition than the ancient Greek example Democracy and Knowledge is the first book to look to ancient Athens to explain how and why directly democratic government by the people produces wealth, power, and security. Combining a history of Athens with contemporary theories of collective action and rational choice developed by economists and political scientists, Josiah Ober examines. Models of democracy 1. Principles of Government<br />Models of Democracy<br /> 2. Principles of Government<br />Course Overview<br />This course focuses on the institutions, methods, and procedures of governance and the reconfiguration with the advent of globalizations.<br />This course exposes students to broad subject areas such as democracy, the state, nations, and globalization, political. Liberal democracy, however far it may have traveled, however much it may have been transformed, is in its origins a product of the West—shaped by a thousand years of European history, and beyond.

1.2 Politics and Justice. Plato / Aristotle: The debate of the Ancients (Aristocracy vs Democracy) The question of the best government is at the heart of the political thinking of the two philosophers. Several dialogues of Plato ( The Republic or The Statesman) and Aristotle ( Politics) address the issue in depth The Athenian system differed from a modern representative democracy in that the citizens were more directly involved in governing. Although full citizenship tended to be restricted in the Greek city-states (with women, slaves, foreigners, and some others excluded), the citizens were more deeply enfranchised than in modern representative. The Teuton conserves liberty and order. Democracy in America is the resultant of Roman, Celtic, and Teutonic ideas. It is a civil composite. Its evolution is recorded in a series of political. Importance Of Athenian Democracy 752 Words | 4 Pages. Athenian democracy is extremely important to the world today, Athenian democracy is ancestor of the modern system of government of the united states and other nations, Athenian democracy is the first instance of the government by the populace, and all the art of athens is a testament to his to HS free non oppressive style of government Facts about Ancient Greek Democracy 4: the number of participants. During the ancient Greece, there were around 30,000 till 50,000 adult male citizens who voted. The total population in ancient Greece was around 250,000 till 300,000 people. Ancient Greek Democracy Image

Modern democracy hasn't got to do anything with ancient Greek republics. Now I don't know how Athenian democracy looked like, but I do know that it has had zero influence on the modern democratic system that we have in certain countries. The fact. This Is Why Socrates Hated Democracy. Socrates, says Alain de Botton in the School of Life video below, was portrayed in the dialogues of Plato as hugely pessimistic about the whole business of democracy.. In the ideal society Socrates constructs in the Republic, he famously argues for restricted freedom of movement, strict censorship.

Aristotle's thinking on democracy has more relevance than ever. The will of the people in its purest form leaves little room for the rule of law. By Julian Baggini May 23, 2018 Plato and Aristotle in Raphael's 1509 fresco, The School of Athens. For all Aristotle's reputation as the greatest of the ancient philosophers, most today rightly. Democracy is a mash up of two Greek words. Demos meaning people and Kratos meaning power or rule. And while it's pretty old now you can still find traces of it in modern laws around the world. Democracy in Ancient Greece is a fair way of choosing a leader. It gives a chance for poor men to lead in the government. All men had the right to speak for themselves, be fairly treated, take part in the decisions, and vote. Democracy gave the Greek men these rights. It can cause fewer arguments about the laws being made in Ancient Greece Athenian democracy is limited to only male citizens. Women, slaves and foreigners were excluded. Our Founders realized that the Athenian form of democracy was impractical in large nations. They took the idea of democracy and came up with representative democracy. Under this system, citizens elect representatives to make these decisions for them By asking ourselves this question we will be able to assess the qualitative characteristics of the Athenian democracy with respect to the modern states, which almost all claim the name of democracy. A simple comparison of modern societies with the historical paradigm of the Athenian democracy proves that the qualitative and ontological. Direct Democracy Athens moved toward an early form of democracy. Democracy is a government in which the citizens make political decisions. The Athenian style of democracy is called a direct democracy. In such a system, all the citizens meet to decide on the laws